A Statement by His Excellency Ambassador Mohammed Al-Hadhrami on the Introduced House Joint Resolution 87 of the US Congress

June 2, 2022

A Statement by His Excellency Ambassador Mohammed Al-Hadhrami

On the Introduced House Joint Resolution 87 of the US Congress

The newly proposed Joint Resolution No.87 of the US House of Representatives, introduced on May 31, 2022, and announced yesterday June 1, 2022, invoking the 1973 War Powers Resolution and aiming at ending US support for the Saudi-led coalition, will not end the suffering of Yemenis, but rather will boost the Houthis’ intransigence and prolong the war.

Ending the war in Yemen is and has always been the main objective of the Yemeni Government. Ending the war will end the suffering of the Yemeni people. However, ending the Saudi-led Coalition and the US support for it in Yemen will most certainly not. In fact, ending the US support for the Coalition in Yemen will indeed exacerbate the situation and make the suffering of Yemenis endure as well as expand.

We appreciate the genuine concerns about Yemen expressed by Members of Congress. And Yemen needs all the help that it can get, especially now, but also going forward. However, the war will not end except when only the Houthi militia realizes that they will not control Yemen alone and that Iran’s support will not enable them to reach their sinister objectives.

To end the war in Yemen, we ask the US Congress to:

  • Support the Central Bank of Yemen, so we can curb inflation and facilitate the provision of salaries to the Yemeni people.
  • Help fund the UN Plan to resolve the FSO Safer oil tanker issue, so we can save the lives and livelihoods of millions of Yemenis, and avert a costly environmental disaster on the Red Sea that could occur.
  • Demand that all roads in Yemen be opened according to the truce so that millions of Yemenis trapped by the Houthis in Taiz can finally have freedom of movement.
  • Condemn Iran’s malign ongoing activities in the region, particularly in Yemen, so that the Houthis can finally realize peace is their only viable option.

Without question, this is what Yemen and Yemenis need. And this is what will end the war in Yemen, which will be conducive to reaching a secure and sustainable peace. And we sincerely hope that the United States Congress will help us to achieve this imperative.

Call for International Pressure on Houthis to Stop Hostilities Against Marib in Yemen

The Embassy of the Republic of Yemen in the United States of America seizes this opportunity to categorically denounce the Iran-backed Houthis for their reprehensible actions in Yemen and in particular, would like to draw further attention to the reckless and relentless violent onslaught against the Governorate of Marib perpetrated by the Houthis in recent weeks, whose impacts on the people have been dangerous and whose implications on realizing peace are deleterious.

“The International Community should apply the utmost pressure on the Houthis and demand their total cessation of hostilities in Marib, as was done in the past involving the issue of Hodeidah”, states His Excellency Dr. Ahmed Awad BinMubarak, Ambassador of Yemen to the United States.

The following should also be noted regarding Marib:

1) Because of the conflict in Yemen, both precipitated and protracted by the Iran-backed Houthis, Marib Governorate (i.e., province) has become a sanctuary to the largest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Yemen, exceeding two million people, and comprising of people who have escaped, evacuated or been expelled from their cities and communities from various regions of the Republic of Yemen.

2) Due to the Houthis persistent hostilities and havoc inflicted, more people are still fleeing and flowing into Marib. Currently, Marib contains 133 camps for IDPs. However, this accounts for only 10% of the displaced currently present in the governorate where the vast majority have been able to integrate into the main city and surrounding areas, which have significantly expanded stemming from the IDP influx. Consequently, the burdens on the local authorities and government of Yemen have massively grown to provide basic services for health, education, housing and infrastructure to keep pace with the steady increase and inflow of IDPs.

3) It was not enough for the Iran-backed Houthis to have forced so many people to abandon their homes and to leave their towns or villages because of the threats to their security, thus obliging them make the lengthy and difficult journey into Marib. But even after these IDPs managed to arrive safely into Marib, the Houthis continue their assault to harm those same innocent civilians by deliberately targeting properties with ballistic missiles. The Houthis have not spared any location from their attacks in Marib, including residential homes, schools and hospitals.

4) The Houthis have also been planting landmines on a large scale in farms, lands, roads, and water sources nearby Marib, to sabotage the population and to hinder people from finding refuge and protection in Marib. Consequently, these landmines have led to the murder or maiming of many people coming from different parts of Yemen, particularly children. Those who have survived from a Houthi landmine detonation must face the deep trauma and endure living with an amputated limb. Although efforts have been underway (such as from the MASAM Project) dedicated to trying to discover and dismantle Houthi landmines with successes achieved in detecting and defusing thousands of Houthi landmines, the Houthis still continue planting indiscriminately more and more landmines.

5) While the Houthis continue to recruit thousands of children and use them for hostilities (including against Marib), in Marib itself, the Government of Yemen with the support of the Arab Coalition has established a center for the rehabilitation of children captured by government forces on the frontlines who were cruelly sent there by the Houthis to fight. These children receive essential care and treatment to recover from the horrible psychological effects from combat and war that has been imposed on them by the Houthis. The center has helped 52,000 children and their families since its establishment in September 2017.

Therefore, the Houthis must definitively halt their military aggression against Marib.
And the international community should both express its categorical condemnation and put forth the maximum diplomatic leverage on the Houthis so as to desist and deter any more violent escalations against Marib by the Houthis (as well as elsewhere) and to make conditions conducive for more stabilization in Yemen.

Indeed, the Houthis actions in Marib have been in egregious violation of international humanitarian law and human rights law. And, all international agencies and relevant human rights organizations must be allowed by the Houthis to gain safe access to Marib to monitor all developments. Unquestionably, they will reach the same determinations and express the same grave concerns that have been asserted by the Government of Yemen.

Special Report : The US Congress and Yemen: Background, Critical Issues and the Way Forward

Embassy Announcement

The Embassy of the Republic of Yemen in Washington, DC is pleased to announce and to introduce its latest special report titled:

The US Congress and Yemen: Background, Critical Issues and the Way Forward”. This new publication (like the others recently released) is intended to present information and to provide insights that would be ancillary to better understanding Yemen and the current context.

To download :

The US Congress and Yemen: Background, Critical Issues and the Way Forward

إعلان السفارة

يسر السفارة الجمهورية اليمنية في واشنطن أن تعلن وتقدم تقرير خاص باللغة الإنجليزية بعنوان:

“الكونجرس الأمريكي واليمن: خلفية، قضايا هامة والطريق إلى الأمام”. هذا المنشور (مثل السابقيه مؤخراً) يهدف لتقديم وجهة نظر الحكومة اليمنية وتبادل المعلومات التي من شأنها أن تكون عاملا مساعدا لفهم أفضل اليمن والتطورات الراهنة

لتحميل التقرير:

The US Congress and Yemen: Background, Critical Issues and the Way Forward

HOW THE HOUTHIS HAVE PROVOKED A HUMAN DISASTER IN YEMEN

By Dr. Ahmed Awad Binmubark

Yemen’s Hodeidah has become an alarming humanitarian tragedy. Thousands have lost their lives and tens of thousands more have lost their homes and livelihoods—hopeless and displaced.

Floods of upsetting pictures of starving children, recognized by their wide-eyed skeletal body features, and patients suffering from preventable diseases have become the norm.

The suffering of these communities is bewildering given the fact that they are actually located in very close proximity to one of the most important aid delivery gateways to Yemen, Hodeidah’s port. One would presume that these communities would be flushed with aid goods, but regrettably, this has not been the case.

There is a reason for this absurdity: The Hodeidah port is still under the control of the Houthis,an Iranian-backed militia that took control by force areas in Yemen in their failed attempt to overthrow the government in September 2014, with the assistance of former president Ali Abdullah Saleh and various military groups still loyal to him.

For the Houthis, Hodeidah’s port proves to be a source of significant, albeit illegitimate, revenue from customs and taxes imposed on incoming goods. Additionally, the Houthis have worked on deconstructing Yemen’s economy and financial system, creating profitable black markets for their own economic gain, which has become a key funding source for their war efforts.

This comes at the expense of vital goods not being delivered to traumatized communities across North West of Yemen. According to local traders, aid has been corruptly and immorally commercialized in Hodeidah.

Moreover, imported fuel is frequently siphoned into the black market by the Houthis. According to the U.N.’s Panel of Experts report, the Houthis have “worked on deregulating the distribution of fuel in order to allow the black market to flourish under their control.”

In a statement released by the Norwegian Refugee Council on February 20 2017, the organization detailed how six of its aid workers were arrested and detained for a week by the Houthis just because some of the aid products that they were distributing had origination markings from Saudi Arabia.

This sort of detention unmistakably demonstrates how the Houthis are undermining relief efforts. Even the U.N.’s aid chief, Stephen O’Brien, was subjected to the Houthis’ abrasivenesswhen he was turned away on February 28 as he was trying to access the city of Taiz.

More worryingly, the Houthis continued arbitrary arrests and forced disappearances are going unchecked in Hodeidah, Taiz and elsewhere. Human Rights Watch documented incidenceswhere a number of civilians, including children, were detained and later discovered dead. Civilians are trapped and they immediately need protection.

Recapturing Hodeidah is necessary to bring back stability to Yemen’s west coast. The presence of the Houthis in Hodeidah threatens international maritime navigation and shipping routes in the Red Sea. On numerous occasions, the Houthis have fired upon ships in international waters, and on three incidences U.S. Navy ships were targeted prompting the U.S. to launch retaliatory military strikes that destroyed radar installations controlled by the Houthi rebels.

Furthermore, on March 1, the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence warned of sea mines being placed by the rebels in the strategic Bab al-Mandeb strait, where 30 percent of the world’s oil supply passes.

And for those reasons, there is no room for indecisiveness and inaction.

Our government is determined to continue pushing back the Houthi and Saleh militia in order to liberate those distressed communities. A few weeks ago, government forces successfully recaptured the coastal city of Al Mocha, the city that gave birth to Mocha coffee, and while basic services are being restored there, much needed humanitarian goods have found their way into local communities.

Subsequently, government forces have started to target Houthi armed positions in the outskirts of Hodeidah. Being mindful that some communities are trapped in certain locations, the government has vowed to put safety measures in place in order to protect those vulnerable civilians.

Some reports have suggested that the government’s attempt to counter the rebels in Hodeidah might impact the flow of aid given the importance of its port. Our government recognizes the significance of Hodeida’s port for aid delivery, and therefore rooting out the Houthis will eliminate their destructive meddling in aid distribution. Authors of such reports failed to detail the current awful conditions that civilians are subjected to living under the Houthis as detailed in this article.

Yet, reaching a peaceful resolution is our government’s ultimate objective. Our country has been put through extraordinary conditions, and we are keen to rebuild our country for the sake of our people and the generations to come. We will continue to support the U.N.’s special envoy efforts.

Until then, we cannot sit idle as our people continue to suffer. Unconfronted, the Houthis will grow bolder and their actions will continue to amplify the humanitarian tragedy.

It is the government’s duty to protect its citizens and ensure that Yemen meets its obligations in protecting its coastline and international waters. Therefore, we call upon the international community to help Yemen’s government end the tragedy in Hodeidah and other areas to create an environment conducive for the passage of humanitarian aid wherever needed while at the same time urging the militias to come to the negotiating table to forge a final settlement to the conflict.

Source:

http://www.newsweek.com/how-houthis-have-provoked-human-disaster-yemen-570957

 

New Reports: Yemen’s Recent Developments Concerning its Economic and Political Situation

            The Embassy of the Republic of Yemen in Washington, DC is pleased to announce and to introduce two papers about the state of affairs in Yemen and recent developments concerning its economic and political situation. These publications are intended to present the perspective of the Government and to share information that would be ancillary to better understanding the current context.

To download:

 إعــــــــــــــــــــــــــلان السفارة

يسر سفارة الجمهورية اليمنية في واشنطن أن تنشر ورقتين باللغة الإنجليزية حول المشهد اليمني سياسياً واقتصادياً. وتهدف بذلك لتقديم وجهة نظر الحكومة ازاء تلك القضايا والى تبادل المعلومات ذات العلاقة مع المهتمين ، املاً في أن تكون عاملاً مساعداً لفهم أفضل لطبيعة التطورات الراهنة.

للتحميل :

PRESS RELEASE: Central Bank of Yemen’s delegation participates at the 2016 Annual Meetings of the IMF and the World Bank Group

10.12.2016

A delegation from the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY), led by Dr. Monassar Al-Quaiti Governor of CBY and Mr. Abbas Al-Basha Vice-Governor, attended the 2016 Annual Meetings of the IMF and the World Bank Group in Washington DC from October 3-9, 2016. Productive consultative talks were held with the IMF’s Yemen mission team, and the delegation met as well with US government officials on the margins of the Annual Meetings.

The visit to Washington comes as part of CBY’s efforts to obtain technical assistance and mobilize donor resources. CBY has faced crippling challenges since last year, such as the fast depletion of its hard currency reserves, maintaining independence while operating under Houthi controlled Sanaa, suspension of foreign assistance and most recently, severe shortage of national currency stock in the central bank’s accounts. The shortages of currency in the accounts of CBY lead to its inability to honor payment of government salaries since July 2016. In addition, the fast depletion of the bank’s foreign exchange reserves rendered the bank not only incapable of fully servicing its external debt obligations, but also unable to subsidize the exchange rate for food and other vital goods imports.

Against the backdrop of the above-mentioned challenges, which have been endangering the well-being of the public and escalating the humanitarian conditions, the President of the Republic of Yemen undertook the decision to relocate the operations of the central bank to Aden in addition to appointing a new governor and a vice governor of the bank. It is worth noting that the legal term of the former board of directors of the central bank expired on August 6th, 2016. The new leadership of CBY will operate from Aden using the existing institutional structure, payment system and financial infrastructure that is currently connecting the branches of the central bank, including Sanaa’s.

The Central Bank of Yemen has shared with the IMF and the World Bank a short-term strategic plan that addresses the bank’s pressing objectives. CBY is committed to resolving the bank note liquidity crunch to expedite the payment of government employees’ salaries across all governorates. CBY has already taken the necessary steps to issue bank notes with the aim of disbursing them throughout all central bank branches. This disbursement will enhance the ability of CBY’s branches to meet their outstanding obligations, including payment of salaries, which is consistent with the government’s economic policies and in line with the government’s 2014 budget.

CBY is also working jointly with the Government of Yemen to mobilize resources from the international and regional donor community to replenish the external accounts of CBY. Replenishing the reserves is essential to resuming the import financing of food and other core commodities. Additionally, replenishing the reserves will ensure that Yemen fully meets its external debt obligations and outstanding letter of credits for food imports.  Limited exports of hydrocarbon products have already been initiated from Masila, Hadramout, and revenue from the sale of hydrocarbon products is expected to start flowing to the external accounts of CBY.

CBY is committed to ensure the economic and financial stability of Yemen and aims to improve the poor humanitarian conditions. At the conclusion of CBY’s visit to Washington, Governor Al-Quaiti acknowledged the IMF and the World Bank for their positive collaboration, their valuable advice and technical assistance.

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Central Bank of Yemen

G18 Ambassadors’ Statement on Yemen

The Group of Ambassadors repeats its concern that actions taken by elements of the General People’s Congress and the Houthis as well as their supporters are making the search for a peaceful solution more difficult by unconstitutional and unilateral actions in Sanaa. These actions only increase the divisions in Yemen and will not address the political, economic, and security problems that are causing such widespread suffering throughout the country. We also express our concern about the escalation of violence and reiterate our call on all parties to immediately implement the cessation of hostilities. We call on all parties to deal responsibly with the efforts of the UN Special Envoy and to adhere to the references for a peaceful solution; the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism, the outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference, and relevant UNSC resolutions including 2216

American activists demand for an immediate release of the Yemeni journalist

Yemen Embassy in Washington D.C. Received a numerous number of letters  by American activists who demand for an immediate release of the Yemeni journalist and politicians that were kidnaped by ‪#‎Houthi_militia‬.

The Houthi coupists have been conducting horrendous clampdowns on journalists and politicians, who don’t agree with their politico-ideological discourse, since they staged a military putsch in late 2014  against the democratically-elected President Abd Rabbu Mansur Hadi.

photo

A path to peace.

Aden, Yemen — One year into the intervention here by the Arab coalition led by Saudi Arabia, and backed by the Yemeni National Army, I can tell my people with confidence that we are working hard to restore peace. The Houthi rebels’ military position has been weakened, and peace talks will resume next month. A cease-fire is to begin on April 10, leading up to the talks. The Houthis must respect it.
We must now direct our efforts to rebuilding our broken country.
Yemen’s war began in the summer of 2014 when the Houthi rebels, joined by soldiers loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, attacked the government’s armed forces in Amran. The rebels went on to occupy Sanaa, the capital, and overthrew Yemen’s legitimately elected government by force that September.
Before the Houthi-Saleh insurgents escalated their violence, my government had done everything possible to avoid an all-out war, and the country was undergoing a peaceful political transition. That process was derailed just as the country was putting into place the decisions of the National Dialogue Conference, a forum created by Yemenis and backed by the international community. The Houthis themselves were party to the conference discussions until they intensified their violence.
With our country in chaos, we were left with no choice but to call for the assistance of our brothers in Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries. Without intervention, Yemen’s future might have been that of a largely lawless and feudal country. Because of Yemen’s strategically significant location on the Gulf of Aden, the impact of continuing chaos would have been felt far beyond our borders — in the other Gulf countries, Europe and the United States.
Now my government and the coalition have shifted the balance of power on the ground. Nearly 75 percent of the land previously occupied by the Houthi-Saleh forces has been liberated, which is why they decided to participate in serious peace negotiations for the first time. We are already witnessing some results of these peace efforts as fighting along our border with Saudi Arabia has diminished.
My country, which boasts a proud heritage and culture dating back more than a thousand years, deserves a chance to thrive again.
Defeating extremism requires a coherent government that can provide services to its citizens. We are developing a post-conflict economic recovery program to help Yemen heal. But the world must stand by us as we work to rebuild our country. We urgently need international economic assistance. We especially need to provide employment to Yemen’s youth and take advantage of their enthusiasm for their country’s future.
Some progress has begun. With the help of our Arab and Islamic partners, most of the ministers of the government are back in the temporary capital, Aden, carrying out their duties. We hope that with the help of the United Nations the negotiations in April will lead to the reinstatement of Yemen’s peaceful political process and the implementation of the decisions of the National Dialogue Conference, which calls for the formation of a federal state. My government appreciates the United Nations’ work in assisting Yemen, and we will continue to support the efforts of Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, the United Nations special envoy.
However, for there to be an agreement in the April talks, the Houthi-Saleh forces must accept United Nations Security Council Resolution 2216, which calls for all parties to abide by the peaceful political process and agree to a durable and lasting agreement that allows the government to begin the work of returning displaced people to their homes and repairing damage.
A final peace agreement must have uncompromising measures to uphold Yemen’s security.
We will shut down, once and for all, the terrorist safe havens and again work with the West and Arab partners to rid our territory of the extremists who plot attacks on targets in the United States, Europe, Arab states and elsewhere. Already, in the past two weeks, the government of Yemen started a campaign in Aden against terrorist organizations and militarized extremist groups. The campaign has normalized the security situation in Aden. Now my government is working to bring similar campaigns to other regions.
In addition, it must be made clear to Iran, which seeks to expand its sphere of control through its Houthi proxies, that Yemen will not yield a single inch of territory to outside forces.
I assumed the presidency in 2012 while my country was in a state of political turmoil and plagued by insecurity. Even before then, there were many longstanding unsettled issues. Now we must turn to the urgent task of reconciliation.
In the years before the Houthi-Saleh violence escalated into a civil war, Yemen was making significant progress through clearly defined guidelines laid out by the National Dialogue Conference. Using the same steps and measures, these guidelines must be adhered to when we address the repercussions of the Houthi-Saleh coup.
Our government extends its hand in a peace that is sustainable and does not compromise Yemen’s state-building process. While challenges remain, the country’s outlook is brighter today than at any time over the past year.
Violence has diminished, and negotiations are scheduled. Peace is attainable. We see a future in which Yemen is stable and thriving and provides equal opportunity, better living conditions and an equal place in society for all. We must not give up hope.
By President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi

Source:

The New York Times.

Cessation of Hostilities

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Mr. Abdul Malik Al-Mikhlafi said that he sent a letter to the Special Envoy of the UN for Yemen‬ Mr. Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed confirming the Yemeni government’s commitment to the terms and provisions of the cessation of hostilities, which have been proposed by the United Nations.

Mr. Al-Mikhlafi also confirmed that His Excellency President of the Republic instructed all military commanders to halt combat operations starting today April 10, 2016, from 23:59. He pointed out that the leadership of the Arab Coalition has released a statement stressing its commitment to the ceasefire, based on a request letter from the President of the Republic addressed to the Coalition.

Mr. Al-Mikhlafi explained that a series of agreements had been reached in provinces where confrontations are taking place, under the auspices of the Coalition forces led by Saudi Arabia in Dhahran Al-Janoub, in the southern region of Saudi Arabia, between representatives of the ‪‎Yemeni‬ government and the Houthis to halt combat operations, lift the siege on besieged cities, and allow the delivery of food and medicine to these regions.

Mr. Al-Mikhlafi said the government provided all it could to ensure the ceasefire and to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people; as well as to head to Kuwait with a positive atmosphere with the sincere hope that the other party is committed to all the conditions and agreements signed so far.