to different conflicts since the sixties, the Republic of Yemen is one of
eighty-six countries in the world that were heavily affected by landmines.
government considers this issue one of its major tasks and realizes the
danger that this deadly weapon can have on people's lives and properties.
political leaders and officials are determined to take responsibility to
locate and destruct landmine, assist mine victims and provide support for
process of demining represents continuous concern and unrest for
officials in Yemen due to:
of resources along side of huge obligations
obstacles such as rarity of appropriate equipments
lack of qualified experts
and natural obstacles
International appeal of 1996 with regard to mine has received full
attention of Yemeni officials and political leaders.
participated directly on the following international conferences:
Conference: October 1990
Conference: February 1997
Conference: April 1997
Conference: June 1997
Conference: September 1997
Conference: December 1997
signed Ottawa declaration to prevent production of mine anti-individual.
of Yemen National Demining Committee (NDC), which is chaired by the
Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs.
regional seminar was held on mine against individual on November 1997 in
landmine impact survey was conducted from July 1999 to July 2000 by the
Survey Action Center (SAC) in conjunction with the Afghan based Mine
Clearance Planning Agency (MCPA).
on the information and findings survey action center and mine clearance
planning agency report, Yemen Landmine Impact Survey is a story of
report has also pointed out that:
Landmine Impact Survey conducted in the Republic of Yemen from July
1999 to July 2000 conclusively identified 592 mine-impacted
communities and 1,078 contaminated areas. The survey covered at least
95 percent of the suspected mine-impacted communites in the country
with a high degree of confidence. The data collected during this
effort affords extensive opportunities for research and analysis, and
with the completion of this survey, Yemen now has at its disposal the
most comprehensive set of mine-related socio-economic impact data in
the world. These data will allow Yemen to develop effective national
plans that target areas focused effort and sustained funding, the
impact of landmines in Yemen can be dramatically reduced and
overview: A landmine Impact Survey was conducted in the Republic
of Yemen starting in July 1999 with fieldwork, and data collection
finished one year later in July 2000. This survey was requested by the
United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) on behalf of the Yemen
National Demining Committee (NDC), which is chaired by the Minister of
State for Cabinet Affairs. The Survey Action Center (SAC) implemented
the survey in conjunction with the Afghan-based Mine Clearance
Planning Agency (MCPA) in accordance with the guidelines and protocols
set forth by the Survey Working Group (SWG). Funding for the survey
was provided by the governments of Canada, the United States, Germany,
and Japan, and included partial matching by the United Nations
Foundation. The survey was made possible through a contracting
mechanism and with the support of in-country U.N. staff provided by
the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
Conducting teh Survey in Yemen cost a total of $1,650,000. Of this
amount, $450,000 consisted of non-expendable equipment such as
vehicles transferred to the NDC as part of a plan to expand national
mine action capacity.
of Problem: The 592 landmine-impacted communities indicated by
the survey are distributed in 18 governorates, primarily in the south
and central portions of Yemen. There are an estimated 828,000 Yemeni
civilians, roughly 6 percent of the total population, living in these
communities. This means that at least one in every 16 Yemenis lives or
works near or is otherwise affected by the presence of landmines.
deeply appreciates all sorts of humanitarian activities in all fields and
forward a message of thanks to all governments and international
organizations involved in mine action programs in Yemen.
government demining assistance to Yemen:
FY 1998, U.S. government has provided humanitarian demining assistance to
Yemen totaling over 6.8 million dollars. The U.S. contributed 1.8 million
dollars in FY 2000 alone.
U.S. humanitarian demining assistance has included:
deployment of U.S. Army Special Forces to train Yemeni humanitarian
deminers in state-of-the-art demining skills.
purchase of demining equipment.
study for a mine-detection dog program.
of mine awareness and mine survivor programs.
for the first Landmine Impact Survey in Yemen.
U.S. opthalmologic surgical team that was training Yemeni medical
personnel also treated more than 100 landmine survivors.
U.S. Department of State's press statement of October 04, 2000 entitled
"Successful Completion of First Landmine Impact Survey in Yemen"
has stated that a major advance in ridding Yemen of its estimated 100,000
landmines took place when the findings of the first-ever completed
Landmine Impact Survey in Yemen were presented on September 24 to the
Yemeni Government in the capital, Sanaa. New humanitarian demining efforts
by the Government of Yemen and foreign donors can now be more efficiently
focused in those communities, speeding the rate at which affected
populations are safeguarded, their valuable grazing lands restored to
productive use, and their safe access to water sources regained.
U.S. embassy in Sanaa has also reported that with the Completion of the
Landmine Impact Survey, Yemen now has the most comprehensive set of
landmine impact data available to any mine-affected country on minefield
locations, degree of socioeconomic impact, demorgraphics of mine victims,
and types of mines (and unexploded ordnance). Over 800,000 people out of a
population of over 17 million-approximately 1 out of every 16 Yemenis -are
believed to be affected by the presence of landmines. Yemen's National
Demining Commitee will use the survey findings to draw up a national plan
that will more ratinally deploy mine clearance teams, concentrate mine
awareness campaigns, and assist mine survivors.
[Issues of Interest]
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