US Development Assistance Information


USAID Activities in Yemen
The Economic and Commercial Office (ECO) of the Embassy coordinates with USAID Office and Officers in Washington, DC engaging in discussions regarding USAID’s development assistance projects and programs in Yemen and with respect to its collaborative activities with the Yemeni government in the areas where USAID operates in country.


The USAID operations in Yemen are supporting the government’s governance and poverty reduction efforts, as well as by increasing social service delivery (predominantly in the rural areas, where the majority of the population lives). USAID activities are focused on five target governorates in Yemen: Al-Jawf, Amran, Marib, Sadah, and Shabwa. USAID projects and programs deal with basic education, health, agricultural, economic & trade and governance related development.

 

For Fiscal Year 2009, the US Administration has proposed the following budgetary request to the US Congress for USAID’s operations in Yemen:
 

 

Program FY 2009 Request
Development Assistance $21,000,000
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund (CSH) $5,478,000
Economic Support Fund (ESF) -
Total $26,478,000

 


I. USAID Development Projects & Programs Implemented in Yemen:

EDUCATION Support for Basic Education:

USAID launched a three-year basic education program in 2005 to achieve the following:

 

 

1-       Rehabilitate and construct 77 schools and multi-purpose rooms in targeted districts.

2-       Increase the distribution of the Ministry of Education’s (MOE) teaching and training materials.

3-       Provide in-service teacher training and training of trainers for adult literacy trainers.

4-       Work with local authorities, community representatives, and parents in promoting increased enrollments and quality improvements.

5-       develop supplementary classroom and out-of-school literacy materials. Also, a database with baseline and monitoring data for governorate, district, community, cluster, and school levels is also being developed.

 

 

USAID also continues to support community-based literacy, numeracy, and life-skills education through classes and mobile outreach, especially for adult women.
 

Performance:

As result of USAID’s efforts, for all 77schools a mobile repair team is now functional to support community self-help efforts to repair and maintain facilities, furniture, and equipment. USAID’s program assessed teacher and school administrator training needs, and trained a total of 1,533 teachers and administrators. USAID purchased school furniture and materials, and developed a catalogue of MOE-developed or MOE-approved teaching aids. Thirty-seven community-based discussions on current obstacles for education took place.

 

The education program developed a detailed operational plan for the adult and out-of-school youth literacy and numeracy activities. Life-skills and adult literacy programs took place in 80 communities and 40 schools.
 

Principal Implementers:

 

1-       American Institutes for Research with subcontractors
Academy for Educational Development (AED);

2-       Education Development Center, Inc.;

3-       Care-USA;

4-       Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA).

HEALTH

Child Survival, Maternal & Reproductive Health:
USAID is supporting the immunization of women and children, and the renovation of selected health facilities. USAID is also providing these health facilities with new medical equipment. The program is introducing facility and community-based health care which focuses on family planning and reproductive health services geared toward underserved and high-risk populations in remote and hard-to-reach tribal areas. USAID’s program is enhancing these services through mobile health teams and various outreach activities.


Training:

USAID continues to focus on training midwives, nurses, and other essential health service providers, offering short-term courses for physicians and administrative staff. USAID is extending emergency and neonatal care services within the five governorates.
 

Capacity-building:

USAID is also assisting the Republic of Yemen Government’s (RoYG) Ministry of Water and Environment to design and implement an environmental impact assessment to improve environmental health. The aim is to advocate solutions in conjunction with government and other donors, and to seek community-based solutions.


USAID is supporting the Yemeni Health Sector Reform Strategy which focuses on improving management systems, decentralization to the district level, cost sharing, and redefining the role of the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MOPHP) and health offices at the governorate and district levels. USAID is strengthening decentralized service delivery systems through improved planning, budgeting, and management interventions at the governorate and district levels, as well as at the national and sub national levels. The program is accomplishing this through the use of National Health Accounts (NHA), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Health Information Systems, workforce planning, and training to augment the skills and role of midwives through the establishment of a Midwives Association.
 

USAID is also supporting enhanced logistics management for health services and family planning, and providing technical assistance to improve the supply system of the MOPHP’s General Directorate of Reproductive Health to ensure the availability of contraceptives to districts.

Performance:

As a result of USAID, substantial progress was achieved toward improving maternal and child health through increasing access to quality health services and improving the policy environment for health programs in Yemen. Notable accomplishments include the following: construction of one new health clinic; renovation of 20 health facilities; training of 724 health providers in five remote and tribal governorates; and the provision of three equipped mobile team vehicles that served 20,055 clients in remote areas. USAID also provided modern medical equipment to health facilities and furniture to health statistics offices; introduced state-of the-art work in GIS to Yemen; conducted three national workshops to reintroduce NHA’s and emphasize their use for decision-making; selected and trained a NHA team; and conducted a workshop to sensitize governorate health office statisticians about the importance and benefits of collecting, analyzing, and reporting accurate health information.


Principal Implementers:

 

1-       ADRA

2-       John Snow, Inc.

3-       Institutes Pathfinder

4-       Abt Associates

DEMOCRACY & GOVERNANCE

Support for Anti-Corruption Reforms:
USAID is continuing efforts begun in FY 2005 to support key areas where the RoYG demonstrates resolve to strengthen its governance performance, in particular in its efforts to decisively combat corruption. A baseline study is reviewing laws and regulations to identify areas to strengthen or establish new laws in order to combat corruption. Based upon the baseline study, USAID will provide technical assistance and staff development in key institutions, including the Public Funds Prosecutor, Public Funds Courts, and the Central Organization for Control and Audits. This assistance should lead these institutions to aggressively investigate and prosecute government officials for misuse of public funds.


Support for Elections Process:
USAID is taking advantage of opportunities to support domestic election monitoring for the upcoming September 2006 elections and is providing very discrete and targeted elections support. This includes support for elections-related conflict mitigation, management, and resolution in one or two of the governorates where USAID works.


Support for Civil Society:
USAID is assisting efforts to empower youth in tribal conflict areas. Activities are raising democracy awareness and addressing conflicts within and among communities. In collaboration with other donors, USAID is supporting capacity-building programs for non-governmental organizations. The Ambassador’s new Self-Help Program is providing small grants to support small community-run projects.


Support for Parliament:
Building on the Parliamentary reform program, USAID plans to provide technical assistance to Parliament’s Budget Standing Committee and to special committees addressing corruption and links to prosecution agencies. This technical assistance would also help address policy and legislation on civil service reform, and an improved business and regulatory environment, linking civil society advocacy groups to civil society organizations, think-tanks, and the private sector.
Support for Decentralization
Continuing the work of the local government program, USAID support for decentralization will deepen capacity-building of district level local councils (LCs) after the September 2006 elections. Community participation in planning and investment will improve LCs’ performance and institutionalize the decentralization process.

Performance:

USAID’s democracy and governance program made substantial progress in decentralization and in strengthening the legislative function and legal framework. The program trained and fielded District Facilitation Teams to work with LCs and local authorities, resulting in well-vetted plans and budgets for the allocation of $775,000 to eight districts.

 

Training helped citizens to understand the role of LCs and to participate in the local decision-making process. Work in Parliament has resulted in more cross-party blocs around legislative issues and Members of Parliaments’ increased ability to modify draft laws.


Principal Implementers:

 

1-       Girls’ World Communication Center.

2-       International Society of Journalists.

3-       U.S. Department of State.

4-       United Nations Development Program.

ECONOMIC GROWTH, AGRICULTURE & TRADE

Improving Economic Policy & Business Environment:
USAID works closely with the U.S. Embassy to assist Yemen in identifying new trade opportunities and in expanding access to regional and international markets. USAID is carrying out assistance for trade capacity-building and macro-economic policy reform in Yemen. An ongoing project for customs valuation trains customs officials in the implementation of the Customs Valuation System of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and helps the Yemen Customs Authority be fully compliant with the WTO system.

 

Another area of assistance focuses on support for development of a trade policy institute to facilitate increased non-petroleum exports. USAID coordinates with the U.S. Embassy to provide technical assistance to the Republic of Yemen Government for a potential Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) between Yemen and the United States.


Improving the Agricultural Sector:
USAID is focusing on assisting small farmers in the five target governorates to increase farm incomes, improving household nutritional levels, accessing markets more efficiently, and providing for improved crop and livestock productivity. In FY 2006, the program was focused on activities that directly impacted the small farmer by increasing capacity for delivery of services to the agricultural sector.

Performance:

TIFA related programs have leveraged economic growth activities, including in the coordination of customs evaluation and trade development.

 

USAID's investment in agriculture has also produced results. By building a solid data and information base on Yemen’s agriculture and sectoral needs, the relationship that has evolved with the Ministry of Agriculture has resulted in USAID being able to integrate program activities into the government’s national programs. USAID completed grape and coffee studies and is now using these studies to develop specific interventions to improve productivity and marketing. The Ministry of Agriculture is also using these studies to target services, develop new programs, identify potential markets, and link to other complementing USAID activities.


Currently, USAID is training 32 livestock technicians and para-veterinarians to provide extension services to un-serviced areas. Training will continue for technicians in other agricultural fields. The USAID program is developing improved production methods and marketing facilities to increase livestock returns to the farmer. In agriculture, USAID will continue to place an emphasis on activities that address income generation and nutrition improvement to rural households.


Principal Implementers:

 

1-       Nathan and Associates.

2-       Booz Allen Hamilton.

3-       Associates for Rural Development.


II. Past USAID Projects in Yemen:

 
Implementing Organization Project
ADRA
 
Basic Health and Education (BHE) in Sa’ada and Al-Jawf
CARE
 
Yemen Adult Life Skills Literacy Education (YALLE), funded by MEPI
EDC & Worldlinks
 
Support for internet-in-the-schools project, under the DOT-COM Alliance.
USAID Support for the Bureau of Census, under (BUCEN-SCILS)
USAID Support health reforms, Ministry of Health.
USAID Provide contraceptives in a Central Contraceptive Procurement Facility; Ministry of Health.
Catalyst Consortium For developing service provisions in health
USAID Develop agricultural initiatives for the Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation,
Nathan Associates Assist in Trade and Economic Capacity-Building
USAID Provide Basic Education and Policy Support to the Ministry of Education

International Arid Lands Consortium

To create linkages between US and agricultural colleges; to be coordinated with New Mexico State University

Relevant links:

- USAID Yemen Home Page

- 2009, USAID Country Allocation Summary for Congressional Budget Justification With FY 2007 to FY 2008 Appropriation Information
- 2007, USAID Yemen Operations Details

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USDA Activities in Yemen.
The Economic and Commercial Office (ECO) of the Embassy engages with the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in the pursuit food related, technical assistance, and development oriented projects and programs in Yemen. In recent years, the Yemeni government and local population have benefited from the support and supplies provided by the FAS.
 

Below is some basic information on the forms of assistance provided to Yemen:
 

I. Food Aid:

1-    In 2002, Yemen was provided agricultural donations under the PL 480, Title II Program.

2-       In 2003, Yemen received donations in the form of Wheat Flour and Soybean oil under the FAS Food for Education (FFE) program.

3-      In 2002 and 2004, Yemen received donations of Wheat Flour and Non-Fat Dry milk under the FAS 416(b) program.

4-   In 2004, Yemen received donations in the form of Wheat Flour and Wheat under the FAS Food for Progress (FFP) program.

5-   In 2006, Yemen was provided Soy Bean Meal under the PL 480, Title I program.   



The commodities that were distributed in the FFE program provided access to much needed nutrition to communities and families living in poverty. Moreover, the aim of this FFE program was to also improve school enrollment for girls in grades one through nine residing in the Governorate of Taiz, Yemen’s most populous locality. This program was implemented by the Adventist Development Relief Agency (ADRA).
Furthermore, in terms of the food aid that has been given, a sizeable proportion is used for sale to local businesses, from which the funds acquired are directed to finance development project/programs. This exercise of monetization has proven to be a very effective and efficient mechanism for the Yemeni government to pay for projects or programs in order to aggressively tackle development defects and deficiencies that affect local communities.

II. Technical Assistance:
Norman E. Borlaug International Agricultural Science & Technology Fellows Program.

In concert with MEPI, this program aims to promote food security and economic growth by increasing scientific knowledge and collaborative research to improve agricultural productivity. In Yemen, this program will provide promising young scientists and policymakers with an opportunity to spend 5 weeks in the United States and work one-on-one with a U.S. scientist in their fields.
During the five-week program, participants will learn new research techniques, gain exposure to the latest scientific developments in various fields of agriculture, access fully-equipped laboratories and libraries, and learn about unique public-private partnerships that help fund agricultural research and science. Equally important, this program provides the Yemeni scientists and policymakers with opportunities to establish long-term contacts with U.S. scientists and apply the newly gained knowledge from U.S. laboratories to Yemen’s research and development programs.

 

III. USDA Past Projects in Yemen:

 

Implementing Organization

Project
ROYG
 
USDA food aid programs that provide agricultural, economic, educational, and natural resources access development.
ADRA
 
USDA Global Food for Education (GFE) program to increase girls' attendance in schools in Taiz

 

Relevant links: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Home Page

 

MEPI Activities in Yemen

The Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is a US government mechanism that will prove very ancillary towards realizing the development imperatives and objectives of Yemen. Outlined in a Presidential address on May 09, 2003, MEPI is intended to support economic, political, and educational reform efforts in the Arab world. It is designed to support Arab and American private sector, civil society elements, non-governmental organizations, and governments to develop innovative policies and programs.
MEPI is structured in four reform areas or pillars (Economic, Political, Educational & Gender):

1-    In the economic pillar, MEPI policy and programs support region-wide economic and employment growth, driven by private sector expansion and entrepreneurship.

2-        In the political pillar, MEPI champions an expanded public space where democratic voices can be heard in the political process; the people have a choice in governance, a respect for the rule of law and a free or independent media.

3-      In the education pillar, MEPI supports education systems that enable all people (including girls), to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in today's economy and improve the quality of their lives.

4-   In the gender pillar, MEPI works toward economic, political, and educational systems where [women] enjoy full and equal opportunities free from the barriers that have denied them basic access (i.e., cultural, legal, regulatory, etc.,).

 

I. List of NGOs and Entities with Present or Past MEPI funded Projects & Programs implemented in Yemen:

1. American Bar Association
2. AMIDEAST
3. Beyster Institute
4. Booz Allen Hamilton
5. Center for Civic Education (CIVICED)
6. CHF International
7. Creative Associates International
8. Educational Development Center (EDC)
9. Financial Service Volunteer Corps
10. Freedom House
11. Junior Achievement International
12. ICF Consulting
13. IFES Democracy at Large
14. Institute for International Education
15. Institute for the Study and Development of Legal Systems
16. International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX)
17. National Democratic Institute (NDI)
18. Partners for Democratic Change
19. Vital Voices
20. Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars

II. List of American Government Agencies with Present or Past MEPI funded Activities implemented in Yemen:

1. Department of Agriculture
2. Department of Commerce
3. Department of Homeland Security
4. Department of Labor
5. Department of Treasury
6. Export-Import Bank
7. Environmental Protection Agency
8. Food & Drug Administration
9. United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
10. United States Patent & Trade Office

Relevant links: U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative Home Page
 

 

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Last Updated:   10/07/08
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